Improved plastic extrusion mould

Improved plastic extrusion mould

Abstract
The utility model relates to a plastic extrusion mould. The utility model is an improved plastic extrusion mould, which is composed of an upper mould seat, an upper mould plate, a middle mould plate, a lower mould plate, a lower mould seat, an upper mould block, a lower mould block, etc., wherein, a mould groove is arranged on the middle mould plate; after the mould groove is matched with the upper mould block which is convexly arranged the upper mould plate, a spring is arranged between the upper mould plate and the middle mould plate and is fixed by a screw rod in a connecting way; a compression amount is pre-reserved and the mould takes shape by extrusion; when the mould is closed, the mould chamber is provided with a variation to reduce an internal stress generated by heat fusion-cast materials injected into the mould chamber with high pressure to reduce the residual stress of castings and strain junction line, improve the quality of castings and reduce the defective rate of products.
Improved plastic extrusion mould
Improved plastic extrusion mould


Description


Improved plastics extruding mold
The utility model relates to a kind of mould of plastic extruders

The plastics extruding mold of prior art, roughly as shown in Figure 1, the main upper and lower die holder 1,2 of nationality is main, be equipped with upper and lower module 11,12 according to institute's extrudate design, when upper and lower die holder 1,2 is closed mutually, 11,12 of upper and lower modules wherein will form one and give and wait until mold chamber 12, and the casting material of hot melt shape penetrates through cast gate 13, cast gate tip filling mould chambers 12 22 in high pressure and finalizes the design.

Casting by above-mentioned extrusion modling, very easily given the influence of staying mould chamber interior volume size, and the casting material is indoor mobile not smooth at mould, filling is slow, cause often having after the casting moulding residual stress to exist or be shaped not exclusively or the surface has flaw phenomenons such as pore, especially higher to ask for something quality foundry goods (as optical mirror slip) often can not obtain high density, high-quality requirement.

The purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of design of improved thermoplastic extrusion modling mold, in the hope of in identical process, avoids casting to produce residual stress, and the strain joint line is to improve the quality of casting.

The utility model includes upper bolster, die shoe, upper module, lower module, cast gate, be provided with the cast gate tip at the lower module periphery, die shoe is locked on the oil pump of extruding machine, it is characterized in that: upper module is convexly set in downwards on the plate face of cope match-plate pattern, and the equal nationality screw rod of cope match-plate pattern and upper module is fixed on the upper bolster.Be provided with template between upper and lower template, have in the middle template one with upper module under the shape, measure-alike die cavity and of protuberance be used for the aperture of material feeding.Die cavity matches down with upper module, putting a spring and nationality bolt between last, middle template gives sealed and gives and stay a decrement S, make upper module can in die cavity, do sliding up and down of certain distance (promptly giving and stay decrement), during extrusion modling, staying decrement S to form the mould chamber of an extrusion modling according to giving of design between module, die cavity and upper module under the lower bolster.On lower bolster face, be provided with the clout chamber of some ccontaining extruding clouts near the lower module periphery.

When shaping, in template and lower bolster closure and inject the casting material of hot melt shape in advance, be filled into formed than mould chamber greater than the finished product height, make it to help flowing of hot cast material, continue to exert pressure gradually, decrement between cope match-plate pattern and middle template will be decreased to complete closure gradually, this moment casting material is compressed fully that to be filled in mould indoor and form the size for the treatment of casting, in addition, its unnecessary raw material will be by current drainage to the clout chamber of ccontaining extruding clout, this just can make casting material be pressed into the indoor internal stress that causes of mould and adaptability to changes to reduce to minimumly, and the casting material also is easy to flow in that mould is indoor, thereby improved the quality and the yield rate of casting.

The utility model compared with the prior art its advantage is: middle template is provided, Schilling mould chamber forms a bigger volume, make the casting material of hot melt be filled with the mould chamber earlier with preferable flowability, continue extruding again and form the size of desiring casting, can reduce internal stress and the adaptability to changes that is produced when casting, improve the yield rate of casting quality and product.

Description of drawings

Fig. 1 is the assembled sectional view of the extrusion molding dies of prior art.

Fig. 2 is an assembled sectional view of the present utility model.

Fig. 3 is the action schematic diagram of template and lower bolster closure among Fig. 2.

Fig. 4 is the action schematic diagram of template and middle template closure on Fig. 2.

The figure number explanation

1--upper bolster 11--upper module 12--mould chamber 13--cast gate

The 2--die shoe 21--lower module 22--cast gate tip

3--upper bolster 31--nozzle

4--cope match-plate pattern 41--nib 42--spring eye

43--material hole 44--pin-guide hole 45--screw rod

The 46--screw rod

The template 51--die cavity 52--aperture 53--loophole tip among the 5--

530--cast gate 54--slotted eye 55--pin-guide hole 56--spring

57--screw rod 58--pilot pin

6--lower bolster 61--locating hole 62--sprue 63--clout chamber

7--die shoe 71--oil pump

8--upper module 81--mould chamber 9--lower module

Further specify accompanying drawing in conjunction with the embodiments:

Figure is an assembled sectional view of the present utility model, form by parts such as upper bolster 3, cope match-plate pattern 4, middle template 5, lower bolster 6, die shoe 7, upper module 8 and lower modules 9, wherein: nib 41, spring eye 42, material hole 43 and pin-guide hole 44 are arranged on the cope match-plate pattern 4, and be mutually locked fixing with upper bolster 3 with some screw rods 45, in nib 41, nationality screw rod 46 is with upper module 8 and upper bolster 3 lockings.

In correspond on the cope match-plate pattern 4 in the template 5 on module 8 places have one with upper module 8 shapes, big or small identical die cavity 51, be provided with an aperture 52 corresponding to material hole 43 places, the loophole tip 53 that has cast gate 530 for cooperation one, be used for cooperatively interacting with the casting material nozzle 31 of hot squeezer, in addition, also be provided with spring eye 42, pin-guide hole 44 corresponding slotted eye 54 and pin-guide holes 55 with cope match-plate pattern 4.In the die cavity 51 of template 5 with after module 8 on the cope match-plate pattern 4 matches.Spring eye 42 at cope match-plate pattern 4 is mid-with spring 56, and the slotted eye 54 of template 5 is sealed with upper bolster 3 in passing with screw rod 57, make template 5 be the slip shape and be hung on the upper bolster 3 (cope match-plate pattern 4), and give and stay a decrement S, make the die face of upper module 8 place the die cavity 51 of template 5.Is furnished with pilot pin 58 in each pin-guide hole 44,55.

Lower bolster 6 is locked on the die shoe 7, its lower module 9, locating hole 61 and sprue 62 are all identical with prior art, die shoe 7 also is locked on the oil pump 71 of hot squeezer, also is provided with the clout chamber 63 of several ccontaining extruding clouts on the lower bolster 6 of lower module 9 peripheries.

User mode of the present utility model is shown in Fig. 2,3, and Fig. 2 is a template 5 and lower bolster 6 separated attitudes among the utility model, and Fig. 3 is for being pushed against driving when oil pump 71 driving elements to die holder under Fig. 27.Lower bolster 6 will be contacted with middle template 5 with locating hole 61 contrapositions by pilot pin 58, closure, make upper and lower module 8 and 9 bigger mould chambers 81 of formation one volume, 5 decrements that still keep the S distance of cope match-plate pattern 4 and middle template, at this moment, casting material nozzle 31 is clamp-oned the casting material of hot melt shape in the mould chamber 81 through cast gate 530, sprue 62, because there is bigger space mould chamber 81 at this moment, so the casting of hot melt material has good flowability and does not need too big extrusion pressure and speed in mould chamber 81, can reduce the internal stress of casting to a certain extent.Fig. 4 makes cope match-plate pattern 4 and middle template 5 closures for Fig. 3 embodiment pushes on die shoe 7 continues to be driven, this moment, mould chamber 81 interior volumes dwindled gradually, also complete filling is distributed in each corner of mould chamber 81 to casting material in it by being squeezed simultaneously, make the more closely knit good of casting in conjunction with density, thereby improved the quality of casting, eliminated internal stress and adaptability to changes in the casting, improved yield rate significantly, in extruding, unnecessary casting material also can be pressed in the clout chamber.

Claims (3)
he utility model includes upper bolster, die shoe, upper module, lower module, cast gate, be provided with the cast gate tip at the lower module periphery, die shoe is locked on the oil pump of extruding machine, it is characterized in that: upper module is convexly set in downwards on the plate face of cope match-plate pattern, and the equal nationality screw rod of cope match-plate pattern and upper module is fixed on the upper bolster.Be provided with template between upper and lower template, have in the middle template one with upper module under the shape, measure-alike die cavity and of protuberance be used for the aperture of material feeding.Die cavity matches down with upper module, putting a spring and nationality bolt between last, middle template gives sealed and gives and stay a decrement S, make upper module can in die cavity, do sliding up and down of certain distance (promptly giving and stay decrement), during extrusion modling, staying decrement S to form the mould chamber of an extrusion modling according to giving of design between module, die cavity and upper module under the lower bolster.On lower bolster face, be provided with the clout chamber of some ccontaining extruding clouts near the lower module periphery.

When shaping, in template and lower bolster closure and inject the casting material of hot melt shape in advance, be filled into formed than mould chamber greater than the finished product height, make it to help flowing of hot cast material, continue to exert pressure gradually, decrement between cope match-plate pattern and middle template will be decreased to complete closure gradually, this moment casting material is compressed fully that to be filled in mould indoor and form the size for the treatment of casting, in addition, its unnecessary raw material will be by current drainage to the clout chamber of ccontaining extruding clout, this just can make casting material be pressed into the indoor internal stress that causes of mould and adaptability to changes to reduce to minimumly, and the casting material also is easy to flow in that mould is indoor, thereby improved the quality and the yield rate of casting.

The utility model compared with the prior art its advantage is: middle template is provided, Schilling mould chamber forms a bigger volume, make the casting material of hot melt be filled with the mould chamber earlier with preferable flowability, continue extruding again and form the size of desiring casting, can reduce internal stress and the adaptability to changes that is produced when casting, improve the yield rate of casting quality and product.

Description of drawings

Fig. 1 is the assembled sectional view of the extrusion molding dies of prior art.

Fig. 2 is an assembled sectional view of the present utility model.

Fig. 3 is the action schematic diagram of template and lower bolster closure among Fig. 2.

Fig. 4 is the action schematic diagram of template and middle template closure on Fig. 2.

The figure number explanation

1--upper bolster 11--upper module 12--mould chamber 13--cast gate

The 2--die shoe 21--lower module 22--cast gate tip

3--upper bolster 31--nozzle

4--cope match-plate pattern 41--nib 42--spring eye

43--material hole 44--pin-guide hole 45--screw rod

The 46--screw rod

The template 51--die cavity 52--aperture 53--loophole tip among the 5--

530--cast gate 54--slotted eye 55--pin-guide hole 56--spring

57--screw rod 58--pilot pin

6--lower bolster 61--locating hole 62--sprue 63--clout chamber

7--die shoe 71--oil pump

8--upper module 81--mould chamber 9--lower module

Further specify accompanying drawing in conjunction with the embodiments:

Figure is an assembled sectional view of the present utility model, form by parts such as upper bolster 3, cope match-plate pattern 4, middle template 5, lower bolster 6, die shoe 7, upper module 8 and lower modules 9, wherein: nib 41, spring eye 42, material hole 43 and pin-guide hole 44 are arranged on the cope match-plate pattern 4, and be mutually locked fixing with upper bolster 3 with some screw rods 45, in nib 41, nationality screw rod 46 is with upper module 8 and upper bolster 3 lockings.

In correspond on the cope match-plate pattern 4 in the template 5 on module 8 places have one with upper module 8 shapes, big or small identical die cavity 51, be provided with an aperture 52 corresponding to material hole 43 places, the loophole tip 53 that has cast gate 530 for cooperation one, be used for cooperatively interacting with the casting material nozzle 31 of hot squeezer, in addition, also be provided with spring eye 42, pin-guide hole 44 corresponding slotted eye 54 and pin-guide holes 55 with cope match-plate pattern 4.In the die cavity 51 of template 5 with after module 8 on the cope match-plate pattern 4 matches.Spring eye 42 at cope match-plate pattern 4 is mid-with spring 56, and the slotted eye 54 of template 5 is sealed with upper bolster 3 in passing with screw rod 57, make template 5 be the slip shape and be hung on the upper bolster 3 (cope match-plate pattern 4), and give and stay a decrement S, make the die face of upper module 8 place the die cavity 51 of template 5.Is furnished with pilot pin 58 in each pin-guide hole 44,55.

Lower bolster 6 is locked on the die shoe 7, its lower module 9, locating hole 61 and sprue 62 are all identical with prior art, die shoe 7 also is locked on the oil pump 71 of hot squeezer, also is provided with the clout chamber 63 of several ccontaining extruding clouts on the lower bolster 6 of lower module 9 peripheries.

User mode of the present utility model is shown in Fig. 2,3, and Fig. 2 is a template 5 and lower bolster 6 separated attitudes among the utility model, and Fig. 3 is for being pushed against driving when oil pump 71 driving elements to die holder under Fig. 27.Lower bolster 6 will be contacted with middle template 5 with locating hole 61 contrapositions by pilot pin 58, closure, make upper and lower module 8 and 9 bigger mould chambers 81 of formation one volume, 5 decrements that still keep the S distance of cope match-plate pattern 4 and middle template, at this moment, casting material nozzle 31 is clamp-oned the casting material of hot melt shape in the mould chamber 81 through cast gate 530, sprue 62, because there is bigger space mould chamber 81 at this moment, so the casting of hot melt material has good flowability and does not need too big extrusion pressure and speed in mould chamber 81, can reduce the internal stress of casting to a certain extent.Fig. 4 makes cope match-plate pattern 4 and middle template 5 closures for Fig. 3 embodiment pushes on die shoe 7 continues to be driven, this moment, mould chamber 81 interior volumes dwindled gradually, also complete filling is distributed in each corner of mould chamber 81 to casting material in it by being squeezed simultaneously, make the more closely knit good of casting in conjunction with density, thereby improved the quality of casting, eliminated internal stress and adaptability to changes in the casting, improved yield rate significantly, in extruding, unnecessary casting material also can be pressed in the clout chamber.

Claims (3)
Hide Dependent 
1. improved plastics push mold, include upper bolster (3), die shoe (7), upper module (8), lower module (9), cast gate (530), lower module (9) periphery is provided with the cast gate tip, and die shoe (7) is locked on the oil pump (71) of extruding machine, it is characterized in that:
1. upper module (8) is convexly set in downwards on the plate face of cope match-plate pattern (4);
2. go up, lower bolster (4), (6) be provided with template in (5) between, in have in the template (5) one with upper module (8) protuberance shape down, measure-alike die cavity (51) and one is used for the aperture (52) of material feeding, die cavity (51) matches down with upper module (8), last, middle template (4), (6) put between and give sealed with spring (56) and nationality bolt (57), and give and stay a decrement S, make upper module (8) in die cavity (51), do sliding up and down of certain distance, during extrusion modling, module (9) under lower bolster (6), between die cavity (51) and upper module (8), stay decrement S to form the mould chamber (81) of an extrusion modling according to giving of design.
2. improved plastics according to claim 1 push mold, it is characterized in that being provided with on lower bolster (6) face near lower module (9) periphery the clout chamber (63) of some ccontaining extruding clouts.
3. improved plastics extruding mold according to claim 1 is characterized in that the die face of upper module (8) is located in the die cavity (51) of cope match-plate pattern (5).


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